Eric Baratay (ed.), Historicized Animals

It is now assumed that many animals, from chimpanzees to dogs, have variable behavior depending on where they are and according to their environment. For each of these species, more and more, scientists produce different cultures, societies, individuals according to places and therefore according to space. However, these behavioral differences are still very small in thinking over time, because since Antiquity we have neglected, minimized or, often, denied historical differences, more chooses to attribute to animals traits that are always the same, and rejects the idea that they too have their own. stories.

This book suggests thinking about the behavior of animals in space and time. Concrete examples show that we can observe behavioral differences in these two dimensions at the same time, thus reconsidered and linked. The multiplicity of attitudes observed creates individualities, societies, particular cultures, more or less stable in space and time. To properly study animals, we must spatialize them but also narrate them. For each species, it is now necessary to build a history and a geography of its behaviors, to trace and show the existence of periods, centers, parallel and successive cultures of behavior, independent or linked to those human situation, themselves both variables in time and space.

This book, to which veterinarians, ethologists, ecologists, literary scholars, philologists and historians have contributed, is intended for everyone and for a public passionate about animals.

Contributions from: Éric Baratay, Nicolas Baron, Thierry Bedossa, Clotilde Boitard, Dalila Bovet, Thomas Brignon, Pascal Carlier, Raphaël Chalmeau, Christophe Chandezon, Fabienne Delfour, Sarah Jeannin, Michel Kreutzer, Gérard Leboucher, Pascaline Le Gouar, Ne Rémi Luglia Ménard, Philippe Monbrun, Élisa Neves, Marie Pelé, Emmanuel Porte, Hélène Roche, Marco Vespa and Arnaud Zucker.

historical animals

Why put their behavior in time and space?
Edited by Eric Baratay

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Introduction. Why think about time and space?

Eric Baratay

part one — Behavioral flexibility: from spatial acceptance to temporal interest

1. The spatial difference: an old idea made obvious

Geographical variation of species in Greek zoology

Arnaud Zucker

Thinking about behavioral variation at the individual, group and species levels

Fabienne Delfour and Raphael Chalmeau

2. From millennial permanence to brutal disruption

Fortunes and misfortunes of Apis mellifera adami Ruttner (1975). A bee so Cretan

Philippe Monbrun

A cascading ethological upheaval. European and American animals in the Jesuit missions of Guarani (Paraguay, XVIIIe century)

Thomas Brignon

part two — Temporal flexibility at several levels: differences between generations

1. Get rid of the behaviors of a period

From posture to behavior: dogs on Greek funerary stelae (Ve– IVe century BC)

Thierry Bedossa, Christophe Chandezon and Sarah Jeannin

2. Compare from one period to another

Behavioral variations and anthropozoological communities in Greco-Roman Antiquity?: the case of the so-called “Maltese” dog

Marco Vespa

Sad stray dog. A unique social behavior in the cities of modern times (XVIIIe mid 19th centurye century)

Emmanuel Porte

Part Three — Group Adjustments of a Period

1. Change behavior based on location

Differentiation of social and individual learning according to ecological context and the social relations that result. The example of the pigeon Zenaida aurita of Barbados

Pascal Carlier

Pigeons and Pigeons: Behavioral Changes Caused by Circumstances Show Potential

Gerard Leboucher

2. The Anthropocene example: change over time to adapt to space

Behavioral flexibility in the face of Anthropocene disturbances. What the spatial teaches us about the temporal

Nelly Menard, Elisa Neves and Pascaline Le Gouar

“Let’s live happily, live hidden!” The adaptations of European beavers (Castor fiber) to the anthropization of their world

Remi Luglia

When the field fox becomes a city fox (Europe, XX -XXIe century)

Nicholas Baron

part four — Changes in individuals in front of life

1. Travel and self-adaptation

Sailor monkeys of sailing ships in the 18th centurye and XIXe centuries. On the way to the first focal points in ethology

Clotilde Boitard and Marie Pelé

From the United States to France, three stories of today’s mustangs to think about yesterday’s

Helen Roche

Life itineraries of four parrots

Dalila Bovet

2. There is no eco-ethology without space and time

When birds move from “natural sciences” to “history-geo”

Michael Kreutzer

Conclusion. Time found, writing returned

Eric Baratay

Indicative bibliography

Index

The authors

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